This paper reports on the structure of the autonomous station for monitoring artificial gamma activity in surface water bodies for the purposes of emergency preparedness of the Czech Republic. A simple design based on the NaI(Tl) submersible detector powered by a combined solar and wind source has been employed.
The First Czechoslovak Republic hydrobiological stations – The beginnings of scientific fish research in Moravia
Field stations represent one of the forms of fishery or fishpond research. Their origins can be found at the end of the 19th century, but this type of research program flourished during the interwar era. At that time, two of the oldest and most important hydrobiological stations in Moravia – Lednice (1922) and Velké Meziříčí (1928) – were established.
Determination of the extent of soil unprotected by vegetation in the period of rainstorms to assess erosion risk
The article describes the method, the source data, and the results of analyses of bare soil by remote sensing and its relation to soil erosion risk. The method was tested on the parcels of AGRA Řisuty, s. r. o. Data from the satellites Landsat 8 and Sentinel 2 were used for detecting the presence of vegetation cover on each parcel.
Possibilities of using old topographic maps from the years 1763–1768 for evaluating the development of water bodies and the potential for their renewal
Potential of water areas restoration is a hot topic in present landscape planning. The focus is usually on water areas from mid-19th century where their location is quite good due to maps’ positional accuracy. Yet, we can also use older Austrian military survey from 1763–1768, which enables us to locate dams of water areas and assess potential for restoration of these areas.
Pay it forward – Alias from which is the Průhonice Park producing biomass of cyanobacteria for the Hostivař water reservoir?
The UNESCO World Heritage Site – Průhonice Park is visited by hundreds of thousands of people annually. The view of the park ponds, however, has been immaculate in the past five years because it is covered by a continuous layer of cyanobacteria forming a water bloom.
High eutrophication is the main factor that has recently disabled the Jordán water reservoir for water supply and recreational purposes. Large-scale dredging of sediments was done between years 2011 and 2014. Thereafter a complex monitoring of water quality has been initiated since 2015.
The paper outlines the possibilities of selected environmental assessment methods. Its aim is to highlight the growing need to devote to this integral science discipline more in the Czech Republic as well.
Changes in chemistry and biology of the mesotrophic water reservoir after an extraordinary level decrease
Opatovice Water Reservoir is an important source of drinking water for the district town of Vyškov in South Moravia, northeast of Brno. After a partial decrease in the level in 2012 and after a significant reduction in 2017 there were marked changes in the chemistry and in the biology of the tank.
Course of the weather in the last years shows that variability of the weather increases and this also leads to a higher frequency of floods, as well as drought. Drought, regardless of its type, means that there is a lack of water in landscape.
The Czech Republic does not sufficiently create the necessary conditions for the conceptual approach to urban drainage based on the principles of a sustainable development. The Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic, responsible for the water management, ignores how much a strict implementation of a sustainable drainage system, especially the blue-green infrastructure, could positively impact urbanized areas’ adaptation to climate change.
The aim of the research is to examine attitudes and preferences of the Czechs for adaptation measures reducing impacts of floods and droughts. In spring 2016, we conducted a survey on a representative sample of the Czech population (3,666 respondents).
Presently a demand of sustainable maintenance of water quantity and quality is more and more accented in context of population booming and actual climate change. A research project no. QJ1620040, supported by the Czech Agricultural Research Agency, has started in 2016 with the aim to assess the options for reduction of water pollution both from point and non-point sources with suspended solids, nitrogen and phosphorus in drinking water sources catchments.
The importance of catchment characteristics in terms of intensive erosion runoff formation threat level
We located almost 130 000 critical localities near to urban areas where eroded material can enter the urban area. These localities were divided into five threat categories. Detailed modelling by WaTEM/SEDEM provided an extensive database of almost 130 000 micro catchments with outlet profiles threatened by intensive erosion runoff, and classified by five categories of threat for infrastructure damages.
Application of the water unavailability factor for characterisation of water use in LCA studies in the Czech Republic
The following article summarises the results of testing a method for the characterisation of water use in the system of life cycle assessment in the Czech Republic. The chosen method allows for robust expression of water use in the equivalent values of the reference system.
Characteristics determining the stability of woody debris on the example of Morava River in the Litovelské Pomoraví
Wood is an important part of streams, affecting their hydraulic, morphological and biological features. For the stream management and flood risk reduction it is important to know the characteristics that increase the stability of wood and prevent its flushing at high water stages.
Water quality in drinking water reservoir Švihov on Želivka river and its river basin, with focus on specific organic compounds
River basin of the largest drinking water reservoir Švihov on the Želivka River is distinctly anthropogenically affected both by direct human activities and also by the agriculture. The quality of the surface water is endangered in long-term period mainly by the eutrophication, pesticides pollution and erosion.
Periodic droughts in small streams are caused by climate changes but also by the inappropriate management of precipitation and surface water. If these factors act simultaneously, water level rapidly declines even up to the complete drying up of long sections of the stream.
Small water reservoirs are one of the principal elements of agricultural landscape in the Central European context. The monitoring of the quality of aquatic environment of selected ponds and small reservoirs (SWR) in areas of southern and central Moravia and the Vysočina Region was carried out in 2013 to 2015.
A categorization of the Czech Republic territory in terms of the risk of drying up of small streams (1st to 4th order by Strahler) was proposed. Three levels of risk (low, medium and high) for basic hydrological units (catchment) were set. The risk levels were defined using selected abiotic characteristics of the hydrological units and their combinations.