Atmospheric deposition as a possible source of surface water pollution (Results of the project, part 2. – polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons)
From October 2020 to September 2021, in two forest micro-catchments in the Czech Republic, the quality of wet atmospheric deposition (bulk and throughfall) was monitored simultaneously with the surface water quality in the local watercourse, humus, and the moss species Pleurozium schreberi. An evaluation is presented of the 15 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) burden of the above-mentioned matrices. The first site was chosen in the Beskid Mountains in the Moravian-Silesian region, in the cadastre of the village of Bystřice in the upper basin of the Suchý stream (altitude 590 to 835 m a.s.l.). This area is affected by industrial activities. The second reference site was chosen in the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands near Košetice observatory (altitude 520 m a.s.l.).
Pesticides are still an important group of substances involved in surface water pollution. Their increased occurrence in watercourses in the agricultural landscape is mainly linked to rainfall-runoff conditions, types of cultivated crops, and methods of agricultural management. In order to capture these factors, passive sampling techniques were chosen for the assessment of the load of these substances in selected catchments of water supply reservoirs in the administration of Povodí Moravy State Enterprise. These techniques consist of continuous exposure for several weeks with gradual (integrative) capture of pollution on suitable sorbents. The POCIS (polar organic chemical integrative samplers) were chosen in this work – widely used samplers suitable for capturing polar organic substances. They were applied in eight consecutive sampling campaigns to cover the entire growing season. The aim was to assess the spatio-temporal dynamics (in monthly steps) of selected pesticides and their metabolites into five water supply reservoirs. Due to the scope of the obtained data, this article is focused on the presentation of the results of tributaries into water supply reservoirs Vír I, Opatovice, and Ludkovice, which were monitored in 2021. When the sampling rate Rs was published, it was possible to recalculate the pollution captured by the passive sampler to average concentration during exposure. The results showed which tributaries into the reservoirs were loaded by these hazardous substances in the individual periods of the growing season. The results can be compared with the type of crops grown in a given year.
Atmospheric deposition as a possible source of surface water pollution (Preliminary results of the project, part 1 – heavy metals)
Concentrations of selected heavy metals in collected atmospheric precipitation
and surface water were monitored at pilot sites in the Jizera Mountains, the Moravian‑Silesian
Beskydy Mountains and the Bohemian‑Moravian Uplands (CZ) over the course of one year to determine the significance of the impact of precipitation on surface water quality in an otherwise relatively low anthropogenically influenced environment. The measurements show that for some
metals, atmospheric deposition in heavily loaded areas can cause significant inputs to streams and reservoirs, but the resulting balance is strongly influenced by the environment and its past loading.
Surface Water Status Assessment for the Third Cycle River Basin Management Plan of the Czech Republic
The aim of this article is to acquaint the professional public with the summary results of the assessment of chemical status and ecological status/potential of surface water bodies “river” and “lake” categories in the Czech Republic for 2016–2018. This assessment is one from the basis for preparation of the Third River Basin Management Plan (2021–2027) at all its levels: sub-basin plans, national plans, and international plans of the Elbe, Danube, and Oder river basin districts.
Environmental protection is one of the important societal needs. Appropriately oriented applied research is also necessary for its fulfillment.
The article deals with space-time dynamic of non-polar and polar compounds load into the drinking water reservoir Švihov in Želivka river basin during the whole vegetation season by passive sampling techniques. The monitoring on the nine tributaries of the Švihov water reservoir and on the raw water inlet to the Želivka drinking water treatment plant took place for eight months from April to November 2018.
The contribution presents model tests of sorption efficiency and elimination of organic substances, especially pesticides from five different exposed granular activated carbon (GAC). Results can contribute to the understanding of suitable filter lines for the realized investment project GAC filtration.
Interview with RNDr. Marek Liška, Ph.D., Head of the Laboratory Department of the Vltava River Basin on the topic of water quality, micropollutants and other interesting points.
The paper outlines the possibilities of selected environmental assessment methods. Its aim is to highlight the growing need to devote to this integral science discipline more in the Czech Republic as well.
Expert Seminar “Problems of Inspections of Waste Water Treatment Plants under Section 15a of the Water Act”
On September 11, 2018, under the auspices of the expert group Waste Waters – Cleanliness of Waters at ČVTVHS, z. s., and in cooperation with the Technical Group of the Czech Aquatic Association at the Czech Water Association, an accredited seminar focused on the revision of the 50 EO house-cleaning facilities.
On March 21, 2018, a seminar on the assessment of surface water status for the period 2013–2015 was held at the Novotného lávka in Prague, under the auspices of the Waste Waters-Purity Waters Group. The event was organized by the Czech Science and Technology Water Management Company.
This article deals with new Czech Standard 75 7221 Water quality – Classification of surface water quality  and replaces the previous 19 years old standard . It was necessary to take into account actual demands of the surface water protection from two points of view: pollution indicator selection and current environmental quality standards. The range of pollution indicators and limit values of water classification were revised.
Almost the entire 2015 precipitation was below normal and on the contrary temperature significantly above normal. Precipitation deficit began to show early in 2015 and peaked in mid-August with a further deepening in the autumn months.
The research team, consisting of experts from the TGM Water Research Institute, p. r. i. (RNDr. Dana Baudišová, Ph.D., Ing. Tomáš Mičaník, Ing. Eduard Hanslík, Ph.D., Mgr. Denisa Němejcová and others), started from February 2016 work on the research project “The quality and evaluation of surface waters”.
On June 22, 2016 was held on Novotného lávka in Prague, under the auspices of the expert group Waste water – water purity seminar “New legislation in water protection”, accredited by the Ministry of Interior.