The aim of this paper has been to evaluate the ecological status of small watercourses in the capital city of Prague by analogy to the evaluation of water bodies pursuant to Directive 2000/60/EC. A total of eight sites were selected at seven watercourses (Šárecký, Dalejský, Radotínský, Libušský, Kunratický, Botič and Rokytka Streams). Both sections that are semi-natural and those that have been restored in various ways were selected. From May 2017 onwards, annual sampling of chemical indicators took place in selected sites and a standard multihabitat method was used to take samples of aquatic invertebrates (macrozoobenthos).
Ohře is one of the rivers, which retained in part the original structure of the flow with the presence of shallower, more flowing sections with deeper pools and fountains. This is the reason why there are several protected animals in the Ohře, for which the well-known European locality (EVL) was declared on the river Ohře.
Periodic droughts in small streams are caused by climate changes but also by the inappropriate management of precipitation and surface water. If these factors act simultaneously, water level rapidly declines even up to the complete drying up of long sections of the stream.