Hydrochemistry, radioecology, microbiology, hydrobiology

Concentration and enumeration methods of somatic coliphages in water samples

Somatic coliphages are a new indicator for monitoring the efficiency of water treatment and purification in the Directive (EU) 2020/2184 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2020 on the quality of water intended for human consumption and in Regulation (EU) 2020/741 of the European Parliament and of the Council from 25 May 2020 on minimum requirements for water reuse.

Change of microbial community in tertiary wastewater treatment

The aim of this contribution is the presentation of partial results of testing tertiary technology for recycling of treated urban wastewater. The obtain water will be used for watering of greenery, playgrounds, or for street cleaning. The quality of the treated water depends on the purpose of the use.

Search for suitable molecular markers for species differentiation of enterococci

Enterococci, together with representatives of the species Escherichia coli, belong to the so-called indicators of faecal pollution, which are used in the evaluation of the microbiological quality of bathing waters. Their determination is governed by the Decree of the Ministry of Health No. 238/2011 Coll. and performed by culture on selective agar media.

Use of Earth remote sensing methods to monitor the condition of bathing sites

The Ministry of Health in cooperation with other related bodies compiles, on an annual basis, the List of outdoor bathing sites on surface waters where the bathing service is offered by the operator, and other surface waters used for bathing. It is compiled based on the long-term monitoring, performed, exclusively as in-situ measurements, by the regional hygiene stations. With respect to the fact that this way of monitoring is not only time-consuming but also financially demanding, the need for minimizing these expenses naturally arises.

Ecotoxicological evaluation of river sediments in selected localities of the Odra river basin

The paper deals with the issue of pollution of river (bottom) sediments in the Odra river basin, which is located in one of the most anthropogenically polluted areas of the Czech Republic. The presented results are based on the evaluation of river sediments collected on eight selected profiles of water bodies belonging to the Odra river basin using a battery of five ecotoxicological tests including indicator organisms of different trophic levels.

Municipal wastewater as a diagnostic medium of the City of Prague

The article informs about regular, almost two-year long monitoring of municipal wastewater at selected sampling points of the Prague sewerage network. Selected illicit drugs (e.g. methamphetamine, MDMA, THC, cocaine), nicotine and its metabolites and the ethanol metabolite ethyl sulphate are monitored in municipal wastewater.

Using modern analytical methods for risk management and the creation of territorial strategies

Social-economic and safety risks in area are one of the main topics in these days, which in the long term affect the stability of local societies. For identification of these risks, we can use modern technology of data collection based on the analysis of illicit substances in city wastewater, as the cities are a high-risk areas from the social perspective in the Czech Republic.

The Clean Water – a Healthy City: The usability of the existing information collection system to fulfillment of goals

The contribution is part of the Clean Water – a Healthy City project, which deals with the prediction of the possible occurrence of hazardous chemicals during the accidental pollution and floods. Lists the databases that are currently on the subject and with their practical applicability.

The First Czechoslovak Republic hydrobiological stations – The beginnings of scientific fish research in Moravia

Field stations represent one of the forms of fishery or fishpond research. Their origins can be found at the end of the 19th century, but this type of research program flourished during the interwar era. At that time, two of the oldest and most important hydrobiological stations in Moravia – Lednice (1922) and Velké Meziříčí (1928) – were established.

Water recreation in Prague from history to the present days

When we looked back to the history, we found out that water recreation in Prague had a long tradition. The Vltava river lidos were very popular as a leisure activity in Prague. A possible expansion of places for swimming and water recreation in Prague represents the main aim of the project – Possibility of water recreation in Prague (from history to the present days).

Water quality of the Prague’s streams. Part 2: tributaries to the Šeberák pond and to the Hostivař reservoir

The possibility of a recreational use of some of the Prague reservoirs is limited mainly by the quality of the tributaries. The article follows the previous one and sums up the results of the water quality monitoring in selected profiles of the tributaries of the Šeberák pond (the Vestecký and the Kunratický streams) and of the Hostivař dam (the Botič and the Pitkovický streams) during 2018.

Water quality of the Prague’s streams. Part 1: Motolský and Litovický streams

Results of water quality observation in the selected profiles on the Motolský and Litovický streams during the year 2018 are presented. Monitoring of water quality parameters was focused mainly on the nutrients content (nitrogen and phosphorus), chlorophyll-a concentrations and on the phytoplankton and zooplankton species composition.

Water quality and the assessment of anthropogenic pollution of the Elbe River oxbow lake sediments

In this article, water quality and the assessment of anthropogenic pollution in sediments of the middle course of the Elbe River oxbow lakes Kozelská and Vrť were studied. It is widely accepted that the oxbow lakes are extremely significant ecosystems. However, a large amount of contaminated material may deposit in these lakes. The research of lake Kozelská was chosen especially to its proximity to the chemical factory Spolana in Neratovice, which used to be the biggest source of pollution of the Elbe River.

The assessment of the status of surface water bodies in the Czech Republic for the period 2013–2015

This article aims to present to the general public the results of the assessment of the ecological status/potential and chemical status of surface water bodies categories “river“ and “lake“ for the period 2013 to 2015 in the Czech Republic. The assessment was carried out in 2017 by the Water Research Institute of T. G. Masaryk, p. r. i.

Environment quality of water elements of heritage protected areas

Water elements represent a significant part of the environment of cultural heritage sites, conservation zones and areas. To fulfil the required functions, which may include social, historical, recreational and educational, but also environmental functions; it is necessary to ensure their corresponding target state.

The impact of oxygen and nitrates availability on phosphorus cycle in sediments – an example of the Vranov Reservoir

The inflow parts of eutrophic reservoirs typically exhibit exacerbated rates of primary production, with concomitant increase in organic matter sedimentation. Its microbial remineralization leads to the consumption of electron acceptors.

Information about ORAM

Odra River Alarm Modul (ORAM) will be part of the NAVAROSO project. There are no results of tracer studies of the Czech part of the Odra River in the last twenty years. That´s the reason, why tracer experiment data of the Svitava River were used for analysis.

Municipal wastewater as a diagnostic medium

The paper outlines the possibilities of using the epidemiological approach to the analysis of municipal wastewater to monitor the lifestyle of the population, its dietary habits, the environmental impacts on humans, the assessment of the state of health of the population and monitoring the consumption of illicit drugs and other substances in the monitored population

Classification of surface water quality

This article deals with new Czech Standard 75 7221 Water quality – Classification of surface water quality [1] and replaces the previous 19 years old standard [2]. It was necessary to take into account actual demands of the surface water protection from two points of view: pollution indicator selection and current environmental quality standards. The range of pollution indicators and limit values of water classification were revised.

Development of selected radionuclides in surface water in the vicinity of the Temelín Nuclear Power Plant in the period 1990–2016

The paper presents results and interpretation of long-term monitoring of occurrence and behaviour of radioisotopes 3H, 90Sr and 137Cs in surface water in the vicinity of the Temelín Nuclear Power Plant. 3H, 90Sr and 137Cs originate predominantly from residual contamination due to atmospheric nuclear weapons tests and the Chernobyl disaster in the last century.

Water sampling specialist and requirements for his professional competence

Testing laboratory is responsible for the sampling for the purposes of the Water Act, the Water Supply and Sewerage Act and the Public Health Protection Act. Requirements for the qualification and further training of samplers are defined by the laboratory in its controlled documentation, while in the case of water sampling; the new minimum requirements are set in the standard ČSN EN ISO 5667-14.

The importance of catchment characteristics in terms of intensive erosion runoff formation threat level

We located almost 130 000 critical localities near to urban areas where eroded material can enter the urban area. These localities were divided into five threat categories. Detailed modelling by WaTEM/SEDEM provided an extensive database of almost 130 000 micro catchments with outlet profiles threatened by intensive erosion runoff, and classified by five categories of threat for infrastructure damages.

Use of wastewater­‑based epidemiology for monitoring of illicit drugs consumption in Czech and international context

This paper presents a brief summary of information about the project Determination of the amount of illicit drugs and their metabolites in municipal wastewater – new tool for obtaining of complementary data on illicit drug consumption in the Czech Republic and about the 2nd International Conference on “Wastewater‑based drug epidemiology“, which was held from 11.–15. 10. 2015 in Ascona, Switzerland.

Water quality in drinking water reservoir Švihov on Želivka river and its river basin, with focus on specific organic compounds

River basin of the largest drinking water reservoir Švihov on the Želivka River is distinctly anthropogenically affected both by direct human activities and also by the agriculture. The quality of the surface water is endangered in long-term period mainly by the eutrophication, pesticides pollution and erosion.