Články autora

Extreme multi-annual hydrological droughts in the Elbe river basin

The aim of the study was the evaluation of multi-year hydrological droughts in the Elbe river basin for the Děčín stream gauging station (catchment area 51 104 m2). Average monthly flows from period 1851–2000 are available for the station. For this period, we also compiled a series of average monthly precipitation and temperatures from several data sources. We calculated annual values for precipitation, temperatures and differences in annual precipitation and runoff, then we computed long-term averages and regression linear trends for change over time. The trends are only slightly upward for all three variables, but long-term fluctuations in precipitation are more significant. According to the quantified multi-year average flows and precipitation, we searched for and merged cases from which one continuous drought lasting at least 5 years is generated for both precipitation and runoff. We quantified deficit volumes for individual drought periods. The long-term average flow was chosen as the threshold flow. The hydrological drought 2013–2020 had the longest duration, almost 7 years, of all droughts since 1851 and was also characterized by the largest total deficit volume. When compared to the average annual deficit volume, it is only in fourth place. When comparing the time series of monthly flows, it turned out that cases from different periods have similar patterns and behavior.

Changes in precipitation and runoff in river basins in the Czech Republic during the period of intense warming

The basic meteorological variables that affect the hydrological regime are atmospheric precipitation and air temperature. Both fluctuate not only in the short term and in the annual cycle, but also in the long term. Long-term changes in both of these variables have the character of periodic fluctuations around the mean values. Since about 1980, there has been a systematic increase in air temperature in the Czech Republic. This article provides information on how the climate fluctuations that this change brings affect the precipitation and runoff regime in our territory.

Growth and decline of fishery in Poděbrady and Nymburk Estates from the point of view of historical hydrology

This contribution presents a current occurrence of drought periods and declines of fishponds (including entire fishpond systems), in Poděbrady and Nymburk counties. Such relation is not straightforward, when we consider fishponds as reservoirs of water and energy.

The biggest floods in 100 years

This contribution is a complication of the biggest floods in the Czech Republic that have occurred in the last hundred years and provides descriptions of these individual disasters.

Activities of the Civil Forum of the Water Research Institute in 1989 and 1990

In 1989, Prague units organizational and dislocation structure of the Water Research Institute (WRI) was rather rugged. It consisted of the traditional components of water management research, referred to collectively as section 20 located in Podbaba, and an experimental group dealing with wastewater treatment in Papírenská Street.

Water loss by evaporation from free water surface

Evaporation from free water surface is one of the important factors affecting the total water balance of a catchment. Since direct measurement of evaporation is complicated, evaporation is in practice often calculated using formulas based on common meteorological variables.

Long-term fluctuations of Vltava River flows in Prague

The first part the present study contains recommendations for the selection of representative observation period used for the calculation of average flow characteristics. This is the result of calculations based on time series of flows of the Vltava River in Prague with beginning in 1801.

Hydrological balance and available water resource in the czech republic during hydrological drought

The article deals with the assessment of the hydrological balance in a monthly time step in the territory of the Czech Republic, which was divided into 133 sub-basins for the period 1981–2015.

Possible compensation of negative climate change impacts using the localities for potential accumulation of surface water

The list of localities potentially suitable for accumulation of surface water (LASW) exists in the Czech Republic from the beginning of 20th century.