One of the fundamental branches of landscape ecology is the assessment of changes in a landscape through comparisons of its state (usage) at different points in time. This typically employs maps, photographs, and aerial and satellite photography.
From the world of water management
This paper deals impacts of building of water reservoirs on land use changes in floodplains and adjacent areas of three reservoirs in southern Moravia – Nové Mlýny, Vranov, Brno. To monitor the development of land use the old topographic maps were used.
Construction of the Vranov and Brno Dam and the system of water reservoirs of Nové Mlýny and the demise of Bítov, Kníničky and Mušov
The ever-increasing number of floods in the lower reaches of the Dyje and Svratka caused the need to adjust their flows. In the 20th century was the need for dams to be built. The landscape allowed their construction near Vranov at Dyje and Kníničky at Svratka.
The period deals with the long development period, which later flooded the municipalities in accordance with the development of the Moravian countryside from the early modern period to the beginnings of the formation of civil society, the life of the inhabitants influenced the serfdom, the subservience, the robot work and the supremacy of the owners of the estate.
All three flooded areas lied in a different natural environment that shaped their fates. Archaeological sources have irreplaceable significance for understanding the changes in settlements. If no archaeological research was carried out before the construction of the Vranov Dam and the Brno Dam and we only depend on the findings from the surroundings, so before the construction of the dam on Dyje, the flooded area was systematically and archeologically investigated.
How construction of water reservoirs in South Moravia affected communities of aquatic and wetland plants
Within the project “Submerged cultural and natural heritage of South Moravia” a large amount of data was collected on the composition of aquatic and marsh plant communities in the Svratka and Dyje/Thaya Rivers before building reservoirs on these rivers.
History and present of water management in the area and catchment areas of Vranov Dam and Brno Dam and water work Nové Mlýny
When considering the development of water management and changes in the natural environment in the catchment area of the monitored water works, it is obvious that the most fundamental changes occurred on the areas directly flooded by the dam water, however the impact of the water management works is considerably larger.
Interview with doc. Ing. Antonín Buček, Ph.D., czech landscape ecologist, on the topic of the project and published book Flooded the cultural and natural heritage of South Moravia.
Interview with Ing. Jiří Hůlka, Deputy of the National Radiation Protection Institute, p.r.i., in the field of research and development
Interview with deputy research and development Ing. Jiří Hůlka of the National Radiation Protection Institute, which is a public research institution since 2011, when it was established by the decision of the chairman of the State Office for Nuclear Safety. The interview deals with radiation protection and public research institutions and their issues.
Testing laboratory is responsible for the sampling for the purposes of the Water Act, the Water Supply and Sewerage Act and the Public Health Protection Act. Requirements for the qualification and further training of samplers are defined by the laboratory in its controlled documentation, while in the case of water sampling; the new minimum requirements are set in the standard ČSN EN ISO 5667-14.
In 1980, on the occasion of the 90th anniversary of the birth of Academician Theodor Ježdík, the then Czech Central Committee of the Water Management Society of ČSVTS, announced at the instigation of prof. Ing. Dr. L. Votruba, DrSc., Diploma of Academician Theodor Ježdík as a prize for key works in the field of theory, research, development, preparation, construction and operation of water management works and equipment.
On 24 May 2016 there was a meeting of the general meeting ČVTVHS, z. s., on Novotného lávka.
Currently, new projects of water transfers are discussed as a potential measure for dealing with drought and water scarcity. However, there are some issues related with this measure, which require to be considered.
Physicians with a little exaggeration claim that a healthy person does not exist, only to be met with a poorly-diagnosed patient. This claim can also be applied to drinking water and wastewater.
Interview with prof. Ing. Zdeněk Žalud, Ph.D., a professor at the Mendel University in Brno on climate change
The media respond primarily to the current situation and because of the higher incidence of extreme situations, such as drought episodes, heat waves, the occurrence of intense precipitation, their commenting is naturally a more frequent media theme.
Historic civilizations have dried up, archaeologists find them under sand deposits. The oldest great civilization was in Mesopotamia on the territory of present-day Syria between the Euphrates and Tygris.
Interview with Ing. Daniel Pokorný Director of the Department of State Administration of Water Management and River Basin Management at the Ministry of Agriculture
Interview with Ing. Daniel Pokorný Director of the State Administration of Water Management and River Basin Management at the Ministry of Agriculture on the topic of surface water and flood protection hydraulic structures.
As part of the measures aimed at the current issue of mitigating the flood damage caused by the occurrence of a significant drought, attention was focused, among other things, on water transfers between sub-basins of watercourses.
This contribution is the first of a series of thematically similar articles – the author would like to familiarize the reader with the oldest recorded reports on the utilization of the energy of watercourses in Bohemia during the early Middle Ages.
Interview with Ing. Berenika Peštová, Ph.D., deputy minister of the environment on the topic of water planning
Interview with Ing. Berenika Peštová, Ph.D., deputy minister of the environment on the topic of water planning and questions to the issue of water law.
After February 10, 2017 information about the imminent bursting of the dam Oroville was reported in the media. This article adds details.
On 20. 12. 2016 was held seminar Protective zones of drinking water sources from surface sources in the House of technicians in Prague.
The answer to the reaction SOVAK CR to the article Unnecessary hysteria surrounding the use of glyphosate
As a supporter of substantive discussions, I would like to submit one more clarification as a reaction to response of Ing. Ondřej Beneš, Ph.D., MBA, LL.M., SOVAK CR representative.
In 2016, the standard activity continued when the committee of company met ten times, including one at the exit meeting.
Interview with a head of the Department of Irrigation and Landscape Engineering at the Faculty of Civil Engineering doc. Dr. Ing. Tomáš Dostál
Interview with a head of the Department of Irrigation and Landscape Engineering at the Faculty of Civil Engineering doc. Dr. Ing. By Tomáš Dostál on the topic of universities and recruitment of students, floods and droughts.
The workshop on the issue of small reservoirs was held at the headquarters ČVTVHS in the convention hall no. 217, Club technicians, Novotného lávka 5, Prague 1, on 27 September 2016.
Traditional seminar of Adolf Patera was held on 16 November 2016 at the headquarters of Czech scientific water company (ČVTVHS), Club technicians, Novotného lávka.
SOVAK CR has been involved and active in the coordination group and subgroup to protect water for the preparation and implementation of the National Action Plan to reduce the use of pesticides (NAP), which sets out a series of measures and tasks for individual ministries and other bodies.
Interview with director of SOVAK ČR Ing. Oldřich Vlasák on the theme of water law, separation of powers and the OPE.
Almost the entire 2015 precipitation was below normal and on the contrary temperature significantly above normal. Precipitation deficit began to show early in 2015 and peaked in mid-August with a further deepening in the autumn months.
In the last issue of the journal VTEI (5/2016), the reader can get acquainted with the opinion of SOVAK ČR to support “as soon as possible a complete ban on the use of glyphosate,” with regard to the possible contamination of surface waters with this substance (the main ingredient of total herbicides Roundup type) and its residues.
This year could every citizen of our country record a truly remarkable anniversary – the 700th anniversary of the birth of Charles IV.
Interview with RNDr. Jan Daňhelka, Ph.D., Deputy of Hydrology from the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute
Interview on the topic of climate change and climate scenarios with RNDr. Jan Daňhelka, Ph.D., Deputy of Hydrology from the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute.
Although the European Commission on 29 June this year decided on a temporary extension of the use of chemical products containing the herbicide glyphosate for 18 months, the Association of Water Supply and Sewerage Czech Republic, IB (SOVAK) and the European Association of water companies (EUREAU) are pushing as soon as possible complete a ban on glyphosate.
Public has no idea that in this country is the lack of water and the trend is rather negative and will most likely continue in the future.
Interview with Minister of Agriculture Ing. Marian Jurečka on the topic of drought and water management planning.
The research team, consisting of experts from the TGM Water Research Institute, p. r. i. (RNDr. Dana Baudišová, Ph.D., Ing. Tomáš Mičaník, Ing. Eduard Hanslík, Ph.D., Mgr. Denisa Němejcová and others), started from February 2016 work on the research project “The quality and evaluation of surface waters”.
Floods and drought in flooded villages in southern Moravia, how the chronicles, photos and stories captured them
In the period 2013-2016 was solved the project program NAKI Ministry of Culture called “Flooded cultural and natural heritage of South Moravia” by the team of experts from various fields that straddle the TGM WRI, p. r. i.
Czech Republic is among six countries in the EU, which shows in microbiological and chemical parameters of drinking water from 99 to 100 percent of the required quality.
In our country there are at least ten water supply systems and dozens of provincial or regional group water mains, which were built in the sixties to the seventies of last century, whose lifetime presently terminate or expire in the coming years.