Droughts and floods are extreme hydrological phenomena that are currently increasing in frequency due to the growing impact of climate change, and can have significant effects on our lives. Within the “PERUN” research project, an assessment of drought conditions and their development in the Czech Republic is being developed, along with the innovation of the warning system by the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CHMI). Drought is a natural phenomenon characterized by a gradual onset, long duration, and low dynamics, which requires a specific approach. The amendment to the Water Act introduces the obligation of regular reporting on drought and the establishment of a predictive service to be conducted by CHMI. Tools are being developed for long-term prediction of water resource conditions and a methodology for drought and water scarcity management plans. These plans aim to ensure water supply, protect the environment, and minimize the economic impacts. The decision-making body for issuing measures based on the drought plans is the Drought Commission, which operates at the regional level. The warning information is available on the HAMR web portal, which also displays local threshold limits for individual water resources.
The research project of the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic SS02030027 „Water systems and water management in the Czech Republic in conditions of climate change“, whose guarantor is the Ministry of the Environment, tries to answer the question of whether we will continue to have enough quality water. Climate change and the associated drought, as well as human behaviour and demands threaten water, and solutions must be sought for the immediate future.
Hydrological balance in selected watersheds of the Czech Republic with focus on drought period 2015–2019
Příspěvek je věnován stanovení a posouzení hydrologické bilance na vybraných povodích v České republice během suché periody v letech 2015–2019.
This article is available in Czech only. For translation or more information on this topic, please contact author. Souhrn Realizace komplexních adaptačních opatření je v posledních letech významným trendem ve všech velkých městech a obcích Evropy. Potřeba přizpůsobení se změně klimatu, vyznačující se střídáním krátkých a intenzivních povodňových epizod  a dlouhých období sucha,… Read more »
Drought and water shortages are concepts that need to be spaced properly differentiate. Drought is a temporary decrease in water availability and is considered a natural phenomenon. Drought is characterized by its gradual onset, considerable area and long duration.
Interview with Ing. Tomáš Urban, Director of the TGM Water Research Institute, p.r.i., on his position as Director of the Water Research Institute, the National Drought Coalition and much more.
Interview with prominent Czech hydrotechnician prof. Ing. Vojtěch Brož, DrSc., about his career in the field of water management, his view on contemporary water works and their creation, etc.
Increasing occurrence of drought periods in the Czech Republic has highlighted a necessity of legislation modification. At the same time, a need has emerged for tools supporting decision making and water resources management at various levels during the drought periods.
Catalogue of green water retention measures in the landscape and its application in the web map application
A catalogue of green water retention measures in landscape represents one of the results of long term project financed by the Ministry of Environment. The main goal of the catalogue was to summarize a set of measures with positive effects on water retention of landscape, with low impact on ecological status of water bodies.
The paper presents the draft of the plan for drought and water scarcity in the Czech Republic. The plan is a basic document of drought protection. It serves to coordinate activities in a given area during drought and water shortages.
These and other questions were answered by experts who come into contact with drought and water shortages daily.
On the 30th of May, the Dry Period 2014–2017 seminar took place at the Novotného lávka in Prague: evaluations, impacts and measures organized by the Czech Scientific and Technical Water Management Company in cooperation with the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute and the TGM Water Research Institute.
Course of the weather in the last years shows that variability of the weather increases and this also leads to a higher frequency of floods, as well as drought. Drought, regardless of its type, means that there is a lack of water in landscape.
The article deals with the assessment of the hydrological balance in a monthly time step in the territory of the Czech Republic, which was divided into 133 sub-basins for the period 1981–2015.
The aim of the study is the regionalization of the Czech Republic with respect to drought characteristics in individual catchments.
Exist tools for water balance, time series of water abstractions and their season variability, difference between permitted and real abstractions and impact of drought in 2015 were analysed and assessed in subtask Impact of Drought on Water Use Assessment.
Potential of the nature-friendly measures application for water retention in the landscape and improvement of the ecological status of water bodies
An analysis and assessment of the nature-friendly measures potential for water retention in the landscape were carried out as a part of the work on the concept of protection against drought impacts in the Czech Republic.
Policy of Protection from impacts of drought and water scarcity in the Czech Republic – consultation and processing
In the context of a severe drought period, which has started in 2014, an inter-ministerial commission WATER-DROUGHT was established to prepare a strategic policy document on protection from impacts of drought and water scarcity in the Czech Republic.
Within the framework of the sub-task “Evaluation of the impacts of drought on aquatic and water-bound organisms in surface water bodies“ a project involving activities to support the state administration in the drought issue in 2016 was prepared mainly a review of the potential impacts of drought on individual elements and indicators of water status assessment.
Currently, new projects of water transfers are discussed as a potential measure for dealing with drought and water scarcity. However, there are some issues related with this measure, which require to be considered.
The paper presents the preparatory phase of the draft of the drought management plan in the Czech Republic in the commenting process. The plan is a basic document of drought protection.
Historic civilizations have dried up, archaeologists find them under sand deposits. The oldest great civilization was in Mesopotamia on the territory of present-day Syria between the Euphrates and Tygris.
Interview with Ing. Daniel Pokorný Director of the Department of State Administration of Water Management and River Basin Management at the Ministry of Agriculture
Interview with Ing. Daniel Pokorný Director of the State Administration of Water Management and River Basin Management at the Ministry of Agriculture on the topic of surface water and flood protection hydraulic structures.
Interview with a head of the Department of Irrigation and Landscape Engineering at the Faculty of Civil Engineering doc. Dr. Ing. Tomáš Dostál
Interview with a head of the Department of Irrigation and Landscape Engineering at the Faculty of Civil Engineering doc. Dr. Ing. By Tomáš Dostál on the topic of universities and recruitment of students, floods and droughts.
The workshop on the issue of small reservoirs was held at the headquarters ČVTVHS in the convention hall no. 217, Club technicians, Novotného lávka 5, Prague 1, on 27 September 2016.
Interview with Minister of Agriculture Ing. Marian Jurečka on the topic of drought and water management planning.
Floods and drought in flooded villages in southern Moravia, how the chronicles, photos and stories captured them
In the period 2013-2016 was solved the project program NAKI Ministry of Culture called “Flooded cultural and natural heritage of South Moravia” by the team of experts from various fields that straddle the TGM WRI, p. r. i.
Periodic droughts in small streams are caused by climate changes but also by the inappropriate management of precipitation and surface water. If these factors act simultaneously, water level rapidly declines even up to the complete drying up of long sections of the stream.
A categorization of the Czech Republic territory in terms of the risk of drying up of small streams (1st to 4th order by Strahler) was proposed. Three levels of risk (low, medium and high) for basic hydrological units (catchment) were set. The risk levels were defined using selected abiotic characteristics of the hydrological units and their combinations.
In the Czech Republic long-term protection of localities suitable for surface water storage (LASW) is done. Currently the number of them is 65; in the near future this list will be updated. The protection of these areas, however, has impacts on social and economic development of communities, local people and on the landscape itself, too.
Drought has been and certainly will be. On this topic is based conversation with the Minister of the Environment, which includes questions on the continuing heat wave and drought.
Since the mid-80s of the 20th century in the Czech Republic is a demonstrable increase in water temperature slightly influenced by surface water as a result of climate change.
The Global Water Partnership was established jointly by the Swedish Agency for International Development, United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank in 1996 as an international network in order to create a unified approach to the use of water resources.