industrial heritage

Irrigation – rediscovered heritage, its documentation, popularisation and protection based on the example of historical meadow irrigation systems

Irrigation systems were built and have operated mostly as part of a larger or
smaller functional complexes. Their significance, also from the point of view
from potential heritage protection, thus increases with the identification and
documentation not only of solitary structures but, in particular, of entire systems / functional complexes with descriptions of interrelationships between them. Independent objects or structures do not need to be particularly exceptional, although their involvement in the wider functional complex can create a uniquely undertaken solution. In the field of water management, criteria such as typological value, value of technological flow, authenticity of form and function, value of technological and systemic links with an overlap to agriculture and industry are especially important. This article provides information on possibilities of using traditional methods of historical and archive research and documentation of localities, and at the same time using modern tools for systems over a more extensive area, including methods of digitisation and processing of documentation.

On the issue of authenticity of water management structures

Authenticity, in the sense of credibility or truthfulness, is one of the key categories of heritage management. This paper deals with the issue of authenticity in relation to industrial heritage, specifically water management structures. In the case of these structures, emphasis is usually placed on the authenticity of function, but two further types of authenticity are equally important: authenticity of material substance or form (in relation to the original design and the structure built on its basis), and, on the other hand, authenticity as a consequence of historical development. This paper presents an analysis of four model examples of water management structures that are either legally protected heritage sites or have been proposed as candidates for heritage protection. The analysis of their heritage values provides insights into the individual categories of authenticity and enables the formulation of principles for managing sites of heritage value.