Články autora

Expert Seminar “Problems of Inspections of Waste Water Treatment Plants under Section 15a of the Water Act”

On September 11, 2018, under the auspices of the expert group Waste Waters – Cleanliness of Waters at ČVTVHS, z. s., and in cooperation with the Technical Group of the Czech Aquatic Association at the Czech Water Association, an accredited seminar focused on the revision of the 50 EO house-cleaning facilities.

Looking back at the National Water Dialogue 2018

The traditional meeting of the water management public, representatives of the state administration and self-government, which has already been known as the National Water Dialogue, took place from 18 to 19 May. September 2018. This year’s eighth continuation of the event brought two organizational changes.

60 years of radiology at the Water Research Institute of T. G. Masaryk

For more than 60 years, the issue of the occurrence and behavior of radioactive substances in water has been dealt with in the Water Management Research Institute. With the observation of natural and artificial radionuclides in the hydrosphere, the team started under the guidance of Dr. Ing. Jaroslav Bulíček.

HAMR: Online drought management system – operational management during a dry episode

Increasing occurrence of drought periods in the Czech Republic has highlighted a necessity of legislation modification. At the same time, a need has emerged for tools supporting decision making and water resources management at various levels during the drought periods.

Catalogue of green water retention measures in the landscape and its application in the web map application

A catalogue of green water retention measures in landscape represents one of the results of long term project financed by the Ministry of Environment. The main goal of the catalogue was to summarize a set of measures with positive effects on water retention of landscape, with low impact on ecological status of water bodies.

Study on the assessment of the effect of nature-friendly measures in the Olešná in Pelhřimov catchment area using the BILAN, HEC-HMS and HYPE models

A catalogue of natural restoration measures was created within several research programs under Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic, especially in the program for hydrological draught mitigation. As a next step suitable catchments for their application were identified. With use of hydrological models, the effect of designed restoration measures on three aspects of hydrological regime was assessed.

Determining of effectiveness of the action program according to the nitrate directive in a period of climate change

The Nitrate Directive defines rules for a delimitation of vulnerable zones and sets out tools to reduce nitrate pollution. The fundamental instrument is the Action Program and the Good Agricultural Practices [1].

Draft content of the drought and water scarcity plan in the Czech Republic

The paper presents the draft of the plan for drought and water scarcity in the Czech Republic. The plan is a basic document of drought protection. It serves to coordinate activities in a given area during drought and water shortages.

River basin monitoring to assess the impact of nature-friendly measures

As part of the Drought project, a comprehensive monitoring of watercourses and land in their catchment areas was launched in the Czech Republic to assess the impact of the implementation of revitalization actions to protect against the effects of drought.

What is the current state of drought in the Czech Republic and is a reason to worry?

These and other questions were answered by experts who come into contact with drought and water shortages daily.

Seminar Dry Period 2014–2017: Evaluation, impacts and measures

On the 30th of May, the Dry Period 2014–2017 seminar took place at the Novotného lávka in Prague: evaluations, impacts and measures organized by the Czech Scientific and Technical Water Management Company in cooperation with the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute and the TGM Water Research Institute.

World Fish Migration Day – where do the fish go?

TGM Water Research Institute, p. r. i., the Czech Nature Protection Agency, the Czech Fishing Union Council, the Czech Fisheries Union Council, and the local organization of the Czech Fishing Union Lysá n. Labem (MO ČRS Lysá n. Labem) together with the Expert Group – The Commission for Fish Transfers at the AOPK Czech Republic organized a second year of the World Fish Migration Day (WFMD), Fish Education Day for children, youth and the general public with the title “Where do the fish go?”

Determination of low level tritium concentrations for tritium tracing applications

Past tests of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, nuclear energy facilities and tritium of natural origin are main sources of tritium in the environment. Thanks to its presence in environment and its favourable properties, tritium is used as a radiotracer.

Discharge prediction by SWAT model in case of Olešná water reservoir

Mathematical models have been used in hydrology for decision making support for many years. They allow the realization of virtual experiments that can be done empirically either very difficult or not at all. The SWAT model, developed in the US, has gained world wide popularity but its application in the Czech Republic is quite rare yet.

Dynamics of pesticides leaching in the Čechtický brook catchment area

The use of automatic samplers for detailed monitoring of substance concentrations and balance is nowadays an important part of special monitoring of surface waters. The average results of routine monitoring (consisting of point samples) are often underestimated over the real situation.

Changes in chemistry and biology of the mesotrophic water reservoir after an extraordinary level decrease

Opatovice Water Reservoir is an important source of drinking water for the district town of Vyškov in South Moravia, northeast of Brno. After a partial decrease in the level in 2012 and after a significant reduction in 2017 there were marked changes in the chemistry and in the biology of the tank.

Significant adverse effects of measures for the use of heavily influenced water bodies: experiences and examples from abroad

In April 2018, an international workshop was held in Brussels to assess the significance of adverse impacts of planned measures for use or wider environment of heavily modified and artificial water bodies. This issue is related to the implementation of the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC and the harmonization of the level of good ecological potential among EU Member States.

Interview with the hydrobiologist RNDr. Zdeňka Žáková, CSc.

Interview with the hydrobiologist RNDr. Zdeňka Žáková, CSc. on the topic of her long-term practice, natural sewage treatment plant and Flooded cultural and natural heritage of South Moravia project.

Radionuclides and Ionizing Radiation in Water Management XXV. conference

Traditional conference The Radionuclide and Ionizing Radiation Conference on Water Management took place on 24.–25. May. 4. 2018 at the Clarion Hotel in České Budějovice. Expert guarantor was Ing. E. Hanslík, CSc., (TGM WRI, p. r. i.) and organizational guarantor Ing. V. Bečvář, CSc. (ČVTVHS, z. s.).

General Meeting of ČVTVHS, z. s.

On May 24, 2018 took place on Novotného lávka in Prague General Meeting of ČVTVHS, z. s.

Effectiveness assessment of the designed measures in the basin

This article describes part of results of the project “QJ1520268 The new procedures of optimization systems integrated protection area in the context of their economic sustainability“. The aim is effectiveness assessment of the designed measures in the Litava basin in hydrological model created in software HEC-HMS (Hydrology Engineering center – Hydrologic modeling system).

Water Balance – expression of the amount of water in landscape

Course of the weather in the last years shows that variability of the weather increases and this also leads to a higher frequency of floods, as well as drought. Drought, regardless of its type, means that there is a lack of water in landscape.

The impact of oxygen and nitrates availability on phosphorus cycle in sediments – an example of the Vranov Reservoir

The inflow parts of eutrophic reservoirs typically exhibit exacerbated rates of primary production, with concomitant increase in organic matter sedimentation. Its microbial remineralization leads to the consumption of electron acceptors.

How to learn the level of legal and technical principles for the application of blue infrastructure

The Czech Republic does not sufficiently create the necessary conditions for the conceptual approach to urban drainage based on the principles of a sustainable development. The Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic, responsible for the water management, ignores how much a strict implementation of a sustainable drainage system, especially the blue-green infrastructure, could positively impact urbanized areas’ adaptation to climate change.

Interview with the Director of the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Mgr. Mark Rieder

Interview with the Director of the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Mgr. Mark Rieder on the subject of his long career in TGM WRI and his experience with water. What are his plans for the future?

The mass death of Unio crassus in the Ohře River

Ohře is one of the rivers, which retained in part the original structure of the flow with the presence of shallower, more flowing sections with deeper pools and fountains. This is the reason why there are several protected animals in the Ohře, for which the well-known European locality (EVL) was declared on the river Ohře.

Expert workshop Evaluation of surface water status for the period 2013–2015

On March 21, 2018, a seminar on the assessment of surface water status for the period 2013–2015 was held at the Novotného lávka in Prague, under the auspices of the Waste Waters-Purity Waters Group. The event was organized by the Czech Science and Technology Water Management Company.

Czech citizens’ preferences of adaptation measures to limit damages from floods and droughts

The aim of the research is to examine attitudes and preferences of the Czechs for adaptation measures reducing impacts of floods and droughts. In spring 2016, we conducted a survey on a representative sample of the Czech population (3,666 respondents).

Trends in development of phosphorus concentrations in Orlík and Slapy reservoirs

Based on existing phosphorus data series in the Slapy and Orlík reservoirs and their main tributaries, we reconstructed P inputs to the reservoirs from the catchment during 1961–2016 and compiled empirical models of P retention.

Information about ORAM

Odra River Alarm Modul (ORAM) will be part of the NAVAROSO project. There are no results of tracer studies of the Czech part of the Odra River in the last twenty years. That´s the reason, why tracer experiment data of the Svitava River were used for analysis.

Principles of approach to optimization of water and soil protection in the Svratka River sub-basins

Presently a demand of sustainable maintenance of water quantity and quality is more and more accented in context of population booming and actual climate change. A research project no. QJ1620040, supported by the Czech Agricultural Research Agency, has started in 2016 with the aim to assess the options for reduction of water pollution both from point and non-point sources with suspended solids, nitrogen and phosphorus in drinking water sources catchments.

Determination of minimum residual flow values in the Czech Republic

Article is based on the amendment to Act no. 254/2001 Coll. pursuant to the wording of Act no. 150/2010 Coll., the Ministry of Environment has been charged with the task of drafting a Government regulation on the method and criteria for determining the minimum residual discharge values.

Storage capacity assessment of water reservoir on current hydrologic data

The aim of this paper is to present results of study, which was aimed to evaluate the efficiency of reservoir capacities for updated input data. The study has focused on review of storage capacity, reliability of total reservoir outflow and analysis of flood protection capacity.

Water in the cultures of old Peru

The oldest history of Peru is usually associated with the Inca Empire. It is true that during the reign of Inka Pachacuti, this was an empire that was unparalleled in the South American continent. When Pachacuti died in 1471, his empire was dragged over 3,800 km from Chile today to the south after Ecuador to the north, and partly to the territory of today’s Argentina, Brazil and Bolivia.

Interview with the Director of the Expert Institute of Health and Safety RNDr. Mgr. Petr A. Skřehot, Ph.D.

ZÚBOZ, z. ú., is an independent institution that focuses on expert, scientific, research and educational activities in the field of occupational safety, ergonomics, fire protection, prevention of accidents and work hygiene including radiation, security engineering and risk management.

Czech Scientific and Technical Society in 2017

In 2017, standard business continued, the company’s committee met ten times, the members of the audit committee always attended the meeting. The General Assembly was held on Nov. 24 on Novotny’s footbridge and was not elected. There were thirteen professional events planned in 2017.

Response variability of selected hydrological models to typical temporal distributions of short-term precipitation

The article presents a selection of outcomes of a three-years’ project named “Variability of Short-term Precipitation and Runoff in Small Catchments and its Influence on Water Resources Management“. Its aim was to provide to the public the newly derived typical temporal distributions of subdaily precipitation, also known as design rainfalls.

Classification of small watersheds for the rainfall-runoff modelling in the Czech Republic

This article introduces a classification of small watersheds in the Czech Republic in terms of potential hydrological response to a set of design precipitation time series. Watershed classes as well as precipitation time series were derived as a partial result of a three-year project aimed at the design of typical soil conservation measures and small water management structures

Web services for the provision of design rainfall

In the field of GIS support for hydrological modelling there has been distinct evolution towards so called web services, which enable the users to obtain necessary input data for modelling in a fast and effective way. With respect to design rainfall data – one of the key component – the deficit has been considerable.

Municipal wastewater as a diagnostic medium

The paper outlines the possibilities of using the epidemiological approach to the analysis of municipal wastewater to monitor the lifestyle of the population, its dietary habits, the environmental impacts on humans, the assessment of the state of health of the population and monitoring the consumption of illicit drugs and other substances in the monitored population